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Showing posts with label deadly unrest. Show all posts
Showing posts with label deadly unrest. Show all posts

Friday, 1 November 2019

Investigation reveals disinformation campaigns on Papuan issues

Kharishar Kahfi - The Jakarta Post


Shouting Papua Merdeka, after High School
Students in Wamena were Shot by
Indonesian police and army
A recent digital forensic investigation has revealed that multiple attempts have taken place in the digital world to manipulate the narrative about the protests and riots in the Papua and West Papua provinces in favor of the Indonesian government.

The joint investigation, launched by the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) and the Australian Strategic Policy Institute (ASPI), found at least two online influence campaigns had been “disseminating pro-Indonesian government material on the issue of West Papua”.

The Papua issue refers to widespread protests against the racial abuse suffered by Papuans, which eventually led to riots. The first of the recent incidents of abuse occurred in August in Surabaya, East Java, which triggered protests in some cities, including in Jakarta.

The second abuse allegedly occurred in Papua, where a non-native teacher at a local high school reportedly called a native student a “monkey”. The incident sparked protests and violence on Sept. 23 when mobs, reportedly made up of native Papuans, set buildings and vehicles on fire. Thirty-three people, mostly non-natives, were killed during the riots.

The Indonesian authorities claimed they limited internet access in Papua during the riots in the hope of curbing the spread of fake news. However, the digital forensic investigation found otherwise.

The findings about the manipulative narrative were made by BBC open source investigator Benjamin Strick and ASPI’s international cyber-policy center researcher Elise Thomas. The report was also published online by a United Kingdom-based investigative group Bellingcat on Oct. 11.

“The goal of both campaigns was to influence international opinion about the increasingly violent situation in West Papua, as Indonesian security forces crack down on the local pro-independence movement,” Strick and Thomas wrote in the report.

The team revealed the first campaign was operated by InsightID, an Indonesian communications firm. According to the report, the firm had been promoting pro-Indonesian government content on various websites and social media accounts aimed at international audiences.

During the campaign, the firm was also found to have targeted an opposition hashtag to influence its followers with pro-Indonesian and anti-independence content, as well as actively harass people who publicly supported independence or were reporting information that contradicted the government’s narrative on the situation in Papua.

“We have not found evidence to identify the client who has hired InsightID to run this information campaign,” Strick and Thomas wrote.

“However, based on the available facts we can conclude the client is a party which is able to spend hundreds of thousands of dollars to run a ‘fake news’ information operation with the goal of influencing the international community’s political perceptions in favor of the Indonesian government’s actions in West Papua,” they added.

Findings about InsightID had been separately confirmed by Facebook, which issued a statement earlier this month saying it had identified and removed dozens of accounts and pages suspected of committing coordinated inauthentic behavior in Indonesia, primarily sharing content mainly undermining the West Papuan independence movement.

Facebook eventually found links to a local media firm, InsightID, which was said to be spending about US$300,000 on Facebook ads, mostly paid in Indonesian rupiah.

A group claiming to be InsightID later responded to the statement, saying the group worked to counter what it claimed was massive amounts of biased disinformation disseminated by the Papuan separatist movement.

“Our content is focused on messages of Bhinneka Tunggal Ika [Unity in Diversity], the unity of Indonesia and the optimistic efforts of Indonesia to resolve the problems in Papua,” it said in a statement.

The team also found a separate and smaller campaign running on the similar topic of West Papua. This one includes three “brands”, each of which has its own website and social media accounts: Wawawa Journal (WJ), Tell the Truth NZ and Noken Insight.

A notable example of an action undertaken by the campaign was the promotion of a statement attributed to United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres saying he supported the Indonesian government over the brouhaha in Papua. Later, it was found that the statement had been fabricated.

Some content spread in the campaign smeared several international media outlets based in Australia and New Zealand, including the Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Moreover, it also targeted people who spoke out about the Papuan issue, including human rights lawyer Veronica Koman and United Liberation Movement for West Papua (ULMWP) chairman Benny Wenda.

One of the domains used in the second campaign was registered by Muhamad Rosyid Jazuli, who had worked since 2014 in an organization called the Jenggala Center. The organization was originally a supporter of Joko “Jokowi” Widodo and Jusuf Kalla when the pair ran in the 2014 presidential election.

Jazuli admitted to the team his responsibility for the Wawawa Journal and Tell the Truth NZ, while denying knowledge of Noken Insight despite evidence that the WJ Facebook page once used Noken Insight’s brand as its cover photo.

“Jazuli [said] that the sites and profiles were created on his own initiative by himself and friends, using personal money and were not related to his work with the Jenggala Center,” the report said.

It added that he claimed the campaigns were simply attempts to counter negative Western media coverage, rather than being propaganda or “fake news”.

Online influence campaigns are still common in Indonesia, according to a report by Oxford Internet Institute director Philip Howard and researcher Samanta Bradshaw entitled “2019 Global Inventory of Organised Social Media Manipulation”.

The report listed Indonesia as among the 70 countries it found to have organized social media manipulation for shaping public opinions, deeming it a threat to democracy.

The report said the existence of cybertroops and computational propaganda in Indonesia was aimed at spreading pro-government or pro-party propaganda, attacking opposition or mounting smear campaigns, as well as driving division and polarization.

Thursday, 17 October 2019

'Kode Keras' Komisioner Tinggi HAM PBB soal Kerusuhan Papua

VIVA – Kerusuhan yang pecah di Papua dan Papua Barat beberapa waktu lalu masih menyisakan pedih. Akibat kerusuhan tersebut, sejumlah fasilitas publik, gedung milik pemerintah hingga kawasan niaga porak poranda. Yang paling menyedihkan, aksi massa yang berakhir ricuh itu sampai merenggut korban jiwa.

Michelle Bachelet Komisioner Tinggi
 Hak Asasi Manusia atau KTHAM PBB
Hal itu pun menjadi perhatian dan keprihatinan banyak pihak, enggak hanya di Indonesia tapi juga di dunia internasional. Soal rusuh Papua juga disinggung oleh Komisioner Tinggi Hak Asasi Manusia atau KTHAM PBB, Michelle Bachelet saat konferensi pers satu tahun jabatannya sebagai KTHAM di Jenewa, Swiss pada Rabu, 4 September 2019. Michelle mengaku memantau kisruh yang terjadi di Papua dan Papua Barat selama dua pekan terakhir.

"Saya menyambut dengan baik bahwa Presiden Jokowi dan pemangku kepentingan di level tinggi sudah membuat pernyataan melawan segala bentuk rasisme dan diskriminasi yang memang menjadi isu serius di Papua dan Papua Barat. Mereka juga mengimbau agar tenang dan damai. Saya juga sudah mendapatkan informasi soal tindak lanjutnya seperti sejumlah aparat keamanan yang diberikan sanksi karena terlibat kekerasan terhadap mahasiswa Papua di Surabaya dan Malang," kata dia.

Berkaitan dengan kerusuhan Papua, diplomat Indonesia di Perutusan Tetap Republik Indonesia (PTRI) Jenewa sudah melakukan komunikasi dengan pejabat KTHAM sebelum konferensi pers berlangsung. "Pertemuan dimaksudkan untuk memberikan gambaran yang lebih akurat terkait situasi di Papua mengingat terdapatnya berbagai distorsi pemberitaan yang tidak mencerminkan situasi sebenarnya dan latar belakang kejadian," dikutip dari rilis pers PTRI melalui laman VIVAnews.com. 

Dalam pertemuan dengan kantor KTHAM, PTRI juga menyampaikan perkembangan situasi dan sejumlah usaha yang dilakukan termasuk penegakan hukum, dialog dan persuasi. Aparat keamanan di Papua menurut PTRI telah bertindak secara profesional dan menghindari penggunaan kekerasan dalam menghadapi massa.

Meski begitu, ada beberapa hal yang jadi catatan KTHAM terkait rusuh di provinsi Papua dan provinsi Papua Barat.

Komentar tajam Michelle Bachel

Situs KTHAM telah memuat pernyataan media yang berisi komentar KTHAM terkait situasi di Papua dan Papua Barat. Enggak ketinggalan, KTHAM menyampaikan keprihatinan atas jatuhnya korban, baik sipil maupun aparat keamanan.

Michelle Bachel berkata lebih lanjut, "Saya terusik dengan meningkatnya eskalasi kekerasan selama dua pekan terakhir di dua provinsi di Indonesia, Papua dan Papua Barat. Terlebih dengan tewasnya sejumlah pengunjuk rasa dan aparat keamanan," kata Michelle, dikutip dari laporan pers Dewan HAM PBB dari Jenewa.

KTHAM sudah membaca gelagat

Selain memantau perkembangan situasi di Papua dan Papua Barat pasca kerusuhan, KTHAM mengklaim telah melihat potensi pecahnya konflik sejak akhir tahun lalu. "Sebenarnya gelagat dan potensi ini sudah kami observasi sejak Desember 2018 dan hal tersebut sudah kami diskusikan dengan pemangku terkait di Indonesia," ujar Michelle Bachel.

Tapi kini kerusuhan sudah kadung terjadi, KTHAM pun meminta pemerintah untuk mengedepankan dialog untuk menjaga kondusifitas."Seharusnya tidak boleh ada kekerasan di mana pun di sebuah negara demokrasi dan majemuk seperti di Indonesia. Saya menekankan agar otoritas di sana mengedepankan dialog dengan Papua dan Papua Barat agar aspirasi bisa disalurkan," lanjutnya.

Tuntut pemulihan internet

Kementerian Komunikasi dan Informatika memblokir akses data internet di Papua sejak Rabu 21 Agustus 2019. Kepala Biro Humas Kementerian Kominfo, Ferdinandus Setu mengatakan, pemblokiran dilakukan untuk mempercepat proses pemulihan situasi keamanan dan ketertiban di wilayah Papua dan sekitarnya.

Kepala Badan Siber dan Sandi Negara, Hinsa Siburian menambahkan, masalah utama rusuh di Papua sebagian besar karena pengaruh konten hoax. "Kita juga melihat itu memonitor bahwa masalah Papua ini lebih kepada sekarang ini kegiatannya itu di siber," ujar Hinsa di Jakarta, Senin 26 Agustus 2019.

Demi alasan itu lah, akhirnya pemerintah RI memblokir akses internet pasca kerusuhan. Tapi, Michelle Bachel enggak sependapat dengan pemerintah Indonesia. Baginya hal itu bertentangan dengan kebebasan berpendapat di mana komunikasi tidak seharusnya dibatasi. Ia juga meminta supaya internet dan saluran komunikasi di Papua dan Papua Barat segera dipulihkan.

Permintaan Michelle mulai terealisasi pada Rabu 4 September 2019 pukul 23.00 WIT. Berdasarkan keterangan resmi Kementerian Komunikasi dan Informatika, pembukaan blokir di wilayah Papua dan Papua Barat dilakukan secara bertahap.

Wednesday, 16 October 2019

BKO Brimob Jambi Perkuat Polsek Pirime Lanny Jaya

60 personil Brimob dari Jambi BKO Polres Lanny Jaya. (Dok:
Polres Lanny Jaya) Jayapura, BUMIPAPUA.COM –
Dua pleton atau sekitar 60-an orang pasukan
Brimob dari Jambi dikirim ke Polsek Pirime. 
Penebalan pasukan di lokasi itu dilakukan jelang pelantikan anggota DPRD Lanny Jaya dan juga pelantikan Presiden.

Kapolres Lanny Jaya, AKBP Murjatmo Edy menuturkan daerah Pirime rawan gangguan keamanan dari kelompok kriminal bersenjata (KKB) pimpinan Enden Wanimbo.

“Situasi saat ini di Lanny Jaya terpelihara, kondusif, berkat dukungan dari para tokoh masyarakat, tokoh adat dan tokoh agama serta seluruh masyarakat,” kata Kapolres Lanny Jaya, AKBP Murjatmo Edy , Minggu (13/10).

Kedatangan pasukan BKO Brimobda Jambi yang dipimpin Iptu Komaruddin disambut Kapolres Lanny Jaya AKBP Murjatmo Edy bersama Kabag Ops Polres AKP F.D. Tamaela dan Kasat Sabhara Polres Ipda Yuan C. Rumsawir.

Kapolres Lanny Jaya, AKBP Murjatmo Edy menuturkan penebalan pasukan Brimob Jambi untuk membantu Polres Lanny Jaya dalam menjaga kamtibmas.   (Katharina)

Source: https://kumparan.com/

Indonesia bans foreign diplomats’ access to Papua amid separatist unrest

Indonesia has effectively banned foreign diplomats and the United Nations from visiting Papua, as separatist unrest continues to challenge Jakarta's authority.

The government says security concerns prevent it from allowing access to foreign embassies or its citizens wanting to visit the troubled Papua and West Papua provinces.

Several embassies in Jakarta have sought permission to visit Papua but have been knocked back.Duration: 3min 13secBroadcast: Wed 9 Oct 2019, 5:00pm


Source: https://www.abc.net.au/

Monday, 7 October 2019

Over 11,500 flee West Papua town after clashes

Indonesia says more than 11,500 people have been evacuated from a town in West Papua.

It comes as violence continues to rock Papua and West Papua provinces, where dozens have died during clashes.

An official with the country's social ministry said the air force has flown around 7,500 people out of Wamena after unrest there in the past month.

Reuters reports Harry Hikmat saying another group of nearly 4,200 residents left on commercial flights.

A police spokesperson said the situation in Wamena is now stable, with shops and markets again open.

Meanwhile, several Indonesian government ministers are expected to visit to Wamena today.

Antara reports they are to outline steps for the "comprehensive restoration of security and stability".

The Coordinating Minister for Political, Legal, and Security Affairs, Wiranto, is leading a delegation of several ministers to the Highlands city.

These include Social Affairs Minister Agus Gumiwang Kartasasmita, Health Minister Nila Moeloek, State Enterprises Minister Rini Soemarno, and Public Works and Housing Minister Basuki Hadimuljono will also visit Wamena.

Accompanying them will be the heads of Indonesia's military and police forces, Marshal Hadi Tjahjanto and General Tito Karnavian.

Despite the evacuations, Mr Tjahjanto said the consensus among most native Papuans was that non-native Papuan residents should continue to stay in Wamena, as well as other Highlands towns in the region, including Ilaga and Oksibil.

According to Antara, following the unrest in Wamena, thousands of residents, mostly non-Papuans, have sought temporary shelter in local military and police compounds.

The news agency reports that due to the unrest in Wamena on 23 September, 33 people were killed, while at least 77 others sustained injuries in the riot which destroyed much of the town.

Source: RNZ